A new study looks at how households are tackling climate change by adopting and using air conditioning statements, and how this can increase electricity bills by 35-42 percent. The most popularly used air conditioning refrigerants are refrigerant R410a, refrigerant R32, refrigerant R22. However, R22 is been phased out soon and largely decreased in use.
Previous studies have focused on the United States, with households estimated to have increased their electricity bills by about 11 percent. The new study, funded by the European Union, EnergyA, analysed the socio-economic characteristics of households in eight other OECD countries (Australia, Canada, France, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland) and found that communication increased electricity costs by 35 to 42 percent.
The report - Air conditioning and electricity bills: the role of climate in temperate countries - states that future increases in household electricity bills will depend on the intensity of climate change, but will have a significant impact on energy poverty in less developed regions. off. Data from the European Institute of Building Performance estimate that 10 to 15 per cent of Europe's population was fuel-poor in 2014, but the new study adds to the concerns.
Enrica De Cian, professor of environmental economics at the University of Venice ca's Foscari and head of the EnergyA research team, explains: "The concept of energy poverty is often associated with ensuring adequate heating in the coldest months. "However, our data suggest that we should expand the concept to include more and more refrigeration effects in summer. "
From 1990 to 2016, annual sales of air conditioners more than tripled to 135 million units, a trend highlighted by data from the residential sector alone. China topped the list with 41 million registered residential units, followed by the United States with 16 million and Japan and Europe with about 9 million.
"Due to climate change and the improvement of people's living standards, the penetration rate of domestic air conditioners is expected to continue to grow sharply, with the penetration rate in Spain reaching 21 per cent in the 20 years from now and 35 per cent in France," De Cian concluded.
The study considered the drivers of AC adoption. Perhaps surprisingly, households with a higher proportion of younger members are said to use AC more widely, while well-educated individuals tend to reduce their use of AC, the report said, suggesting that they are more aware of the environmental impact of energy.
Similarly, households that are more accustomed to energy-saving behavior are less likely to use AC. People who have a large number of appliances tend to use AC, which may indicate that those who are used to higher standards of comfort are also more likely to use AC.
"Living in urban areas increases the likelihood of communication by 9 percentage points, which is significantly more significant than the effects of income and climate, which may be due to the heat island effect of cities," added Malcolm Mistry, who is responsible for climate data analysis. The study's co-author is the author of the EnergyA project.